The Analysis of "begins" and "ends" and the word "immediately" in late medieval logic


In this paper, which was a contribution to the conference of the Austrian Society for Philosophy (ÖGP) in 1998, I further develop my interpretation of texts on the moment of change in the middle ages which is also contained in chapter I,3 of my book on this topic. I first examine the content of medieval analyses of sentences containing the words "begins" (incipit) and "ends" (desinit) before considering the highly sophisticated medieval tense logic in which they are formulated. This leads to an assessment of the very interesting analysis of the word "immediately" (immediate) in Paul of Venice.

I use a tense logic notation (which is analogous to the slightly more unusual notation in my book) and suggest the introduction of two new operators which are to be read "immediately before" and "immediately after".


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